New England Marriages Genealogy LibGuides At University Of Massachusetts Amherst

Britain implemented mercantilism by trying to block American trade with the French, Spanish, or Dutch empires using the Navigation Acts, which Americans avoided as often as they could. The royal officials responded to smuggling with open-ended search warrants . In 1761, Boston lawyer James Otis argued that the writs violated the constitutional rights of the colonists. He lost the case, but John Adams later wrote, “Then and there the child Independence was born.”

King George’s War

Lastly, Plimoth Plantation is the Disney-equivalent of 17th century New England living, as the visitor can experience an entire village of the primitive huts that started it all. Once you get a taste of Colonial American house styles, you’ll know some of what has made America strong. You may have heard words like New England Colonial, Garrison Colonial, or Saltbox Colonial used to describe modern-day homes. Technically, a house built after the American Revolution — after communities were no longer colonies of England — is not colonial. More correctly, these homes of the 19th and 20th centuries are Colonial Revival or Neocolonial. Architecture in Colonial New England went through many phases and can be known by various names.

Life as a Pilgrim in the New England Colonies

Early homes were one story, but as more family arrived from Britain these “starter homes” became two-stories, often with steep roofs, narrow eaves, and side gables. A large, center fireplace and chimney would heat upstairs and downstairs. Some homes added the luxury of saltbox-shaped lean-to additions, used to keep wood and supplies dry. New England architecture was inspired by the beliefs of the inhabitants, and the Puritans tolerated little exterior ornamentation. The most decorative were the post-medieval styles, where the second story slightly protruded over the lower floor and the small casement windows would have diamond-shaped panes. The English people who colonized New England grew up with architecture from late medieval and Elizabethan England.

William Coddington and Samuel Gorton

When these tendencies or any other hinting at deviation from orthodox Puritan doctrine developed, those holding them were either quickly corrected or expelled from the colony. The New England colonies were a series of English colonies established in New England in the 17thcentury. And relationships they would need to stay and thrive in the New World. For the Native Americans, it was often about building potential alliances. After only five years, the Plymouth Colony was no longer financially dependent on England due to the roots and local economy it had built alongside the native Massachusetts peoples. Coming together and sharing the bounty of the land that would eventually become America.

8-Jun to 26-Jul-1747Siege of Louisbourg was a pivotal operation of the Seven Years’ War in 1758 that ended the French colonial era in Atlantic Canada and led directly to the loss of Quebec in 1759 and the remainder of New France” the following year. French privateers harass colonial shipping along the New England coast. This map, the work of William Hubbard, depicts the expanding New England colonies as they were in 1677. Hutchinson began hosting meetings in her home to review the weekly sermons and discuss the Scriptures. They felt that this was their chance to build a completely new community with new institutions. The Puritans believed that the whole community, when gathered, was the church.

Penn sought to implement these ideals in his “holy experiment” in the New World. Rebecca Beatrice Brooks is the author and publisher of the History of Massachusetts Blog. Rebecca is a freelance journalist and history lover who got her start in journalism working for small-town newspapers in Massachusetts and New Hampshire after she graduated from the University of New Hampshire with a B.A. Charter colonies were generally self-governed and government officials were elected by the colonists.

However, the reality of interactions between colonists and the local Native American peoples is a far more complex story of trade, cooperation, and intense conflict as the two societies merged into America. In 1652, the Massachusetts General Court authorized Boston silversmith John Hull to produce local coinage in shilling, sixpence, and threepence denominations to address a coin shortage in the colony. The colony’s economy had been entirely dependent on barter and foreign currency, including English, Spanish, Dutch, Portuguese, and counterfeit coins.

Surprisingly, alchemy and other magical practices were not altogether divorced from Christianity in the minds of many “natural philosophers” , who sometimes thought of them as experiments that could unlock the secrets of Scripture. As we might expect, established clergy discouraged these explorations. Although most colonists considered themselves Christians, this did not mean that they lived in a culture of religious unity. Instead, differing Christian groups often believed that their own practices and faiths provided unique values that needed protection against those who disagreed, driving a need for rule and regulation. Rebecca West is an interesting figure in American history for being a victim of the Salem Witch Trials—in 1692 she was accused, tried, and executed for practicing witchcraft.

To take advantage of this natural resource, the colonists built many sawmills to process these trees into lumber for the shipbuilding process. Native American locals and English colonists had a complicated history in America that involved conflict as well as trade. Here, English explorer Henry Hudson and his crew trade with Indians on the shore. In the New England Colonies, the first settlements of Pilgrims and the other Puritans who came later taught their children how to read and write in order that they might read and study the Bible for themselves.

Thomas Hooker left Massachusetts in 1636 with 100 followers and founded a settlement just north of the Dutch Fort Hoop which grew into Connecticut Colony. The community was first named Newtown then renamed Hartford to honor the English town of Hertford. One of the reasons why Hooker left Massachusetts Bay was that only members of the church could vote and participate in the government, which he believed should include any adult male owning property. He obtained a royal charter and established Fundamental Orders, considered to be one of the first constitutions in America. Other colonies later merged into the royal charter for the Connecticut Colony, including New Haven Colony and Saybrook Colony.

The religious separatists we call Pilgrims arrived in 1620, quickly followed by a group of Puritans in 1630, who settled in what became the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Using whatever materials they could find, the immigrants constructed timber-framed houses with steep roofs. Other settlers from Great Britain spread throughout Massachusetts, Connecticut, New Hampshire, and Rhode Island, building rustic dwellings like the ones they had known in their homeland. In latter part of 1755, major indian raids were unleashed on the western frontier settlements of Pennsylvania and Virginia, causing significant loss of life and massive movement of anglo settlers who fled the region.

Both regions had forms of government that were unusual for the time, and they were more democratic than other forms of government at the time. But despite this, the colonists’ health and economic position improved. The founders of the New England colonies had a far different goal than the Jamestown settlers. The New England colonies got organized around the Puritan religion and family farming. By the Late Woodland, New England’s climate was virtually identical to the present, although widespread burning of underbrush created large meadows.

The governor’s council would sit as an upper house when the assembly was in session, in addition to its role in advising the governor. Assemblies were made up of representatives elected by the freeholders and planters of the province. The governor had the power of absolute veto and could prorogue (i.e., delay) and dissolve the assembly.