The Doha Agreement of 2020 was a significant event in the ongoing conflict in Afghanistan. The agreement was signed on February 29, 2020, in Doha, Qatar, between the United States of America and the Taliban. This agreement was aimed at securing peace and stability in Afghanistan, putting an end to almost two decades of war.
The Doha Agreement outlined a four-step process for peace in Afghanistan. The first step was the withdrawal of U.S. military forces from Afghanistan. This process was supposed to begin on March 10, 2020, and the complete withdrawal was expected to take 14 months.
The second step was the initiation of intra-Afghan negotiations, aimed at bringing all parties to the table to discuss the future of Afghanistan. The third step was a permanent ceasefire, and the fourth step was the formation of an all-inclusive Islamic government that respected the rights of all Afghans.
The Doha Agreement of 2020 was signed by the United States Special Representative for Afghanistan Reconciliation, Zalmay Khalilzad, and the Taliban`s co-founder, Mullah Abdul Ghani Baradar.
Zalmay Khalilzad was appointed as the U.S. special envoy for Afghanistan in September 2018. He was responsible for leading the U.S. efforts to negotiate a peace deal with the Taliban. He had previously served as the U.S. ambassador to Afghanistan, Iraq, and the United Nations.
Mullah Abdul Ghani Baradar is one of the founding members of the Taliban and played a significant role in the group`s early days. He served as the deputy of Taliban leader Mullah Mohammad Omar and was in charge of the group`s military operations. In 2010, he was captured by Pakistani intelligence but was released in 2018 as part of the peace negotiations.
The signing of the Doha Agreement of 2020 was a historic moment in the ongoing conflict in Afghanistan. The agreement was a significant step towards ending the long-standing conflict and bringing peace and stability to the region. However, the future of Afghanistan remains uncertain, and it is yet to be seen if the agreement will be successful in its objectives.